Please join us at our Annual India Conference and the Release of District Development and Diversity Index Report.
New Delhi | On 29th January 2015 | 10:00 AM to 5:30 PM
District Development and Diversity Index for India and Major States
Conference Room II, Indian International Centre, New Delhi - 110003
Please join us for the release of other state level reports.
Release of Karnataka-State Report
Bengaluru | 23rd January 2015 |Vidhana Saudha
Release of Uttar Pradesh-State Report
Lucknow | 31st January 2015 | IIM Lucknow
Release of West Bengal-State Report (TBD)
Kolkata | 2nd February 2015 |Secretariat Office
Release of Bihar-State Report (TBD)
Patna | 4th February 2015 |Secretariat Office
Click here for the Program Brochure with more details.
Given your deep interest in the development of India and given the national importance of the DDDIx, it is befitting that you actively participate.
“In practically all indicators, the Muslim community in India — in economic, social and political standing — are worse off than the average population,” Shariff said. For example, the literacy rate among Muslims is 55 percent, far below that of the rest of the country, he said.
The largest every survey on socio-economic status of Muslims in India called Sachar Committe Report was created by Dr. Abusaleh Shariff.
USIPI is holding a dinner discussion on Saturday, April 5th in Houston, Texas. The discussion topic is the challenges facing minorities in India and the strategies needed to wrestle them.
But the biggest challenge facing Modi is as to how to act in a manner so as to avoid divisive conflict in the society – this is dependent on how he acts towards the Minorities, especially the Muslims. This is because under our Constitution no religion can claim superiority of status against any other religion. All religions under our constitution have equal acceptance and status.
But when Modi invokes God to his support in the elections, as he did recently by saying “that he has been chosen by God to rescue the country....that God chooses certain people to do the difficult work, and he believes God has chosen me for this work,” is a statement that violates every teaching and tradition of Hinduism. Of course I know very little of Hindu Shashtras. But I know reasonably well to assert that under Hinduism God has never enlisted a mortal to save the country or lead the Nation. Rather it is sacrilegious for any Hindu mortal to claim that in worldly matters he is the chosen one by God.
An average 65-70 percent turnout, despite the searing heat, marked the end of polling in 121 constituencies out of 543 going to the polls in the general elections—the largest chunk to vote on one day. Turnout in constituencies with a higher Muslim population, like Rampur in Uttar Pradesh with 48% Muslims, was generally low.
Report On Socio Economic Conditions Submitted to Telangana Chief Minister
USIPI Chief Scholar, Dr.Abusaleh Shariff briefing the Vice President of India, Mr.Hamid Ansari with highlights from the book,"Institutionalizing Constitutional Rights", May 20, 2016.
The book, Institutionalizing Constitutional Rights: Post-Sachar Committee Scenario is the result of four years of Human Development Research by US India Policy Institute and Chief Scholar, Dr. Abusaleh Shariff. It makes a critical assessment of the impact of many pro-poor and inclusive policies, bridging the gaps in empirical measurements and analytical documentation, and making them accessible to the public at large.
The political discourse in India experienced a fundamental shift when the Sachar Committee Report revealed that despite the national and state governments’ minority development policies and programmes, the Muslim community was among the most deprived and backward, worse off than the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, in most of the outcome indicators. Many new pro-poor and inclusive policies were introduced as a response to the recommendations of the report.
The book recommends policies and institutions required for ensuring the constitutional right to equal opportunity for all Indian citizens, especially minorities, such as setting up of an Equal Opportunity Commission and systematically computing a diversity index to improve the process of assimilation of the deprived groups, including the minorities, into the national mainstream.
The Vice President said, "...it is an important work of research and analysis, aimed at increasing socio-economic inclusion and participatory decision-making at grassroots level."
Vice President of India Mr.Hamid Ansari Releasing the Book in New Delhi on May 20, 2016
The only critical analysis of central and state government’s policy response to the Sachar Committee Report from a professional viewpoint.
Identifies policies and institutions required for ensuring the equality of opportunity for all Indian citizens specially minorities.
Focuses on the Muslim community making recommendations for more inclusive development and improving the process to bring them into the national mainstream.
Published by Oxford University Press in April 2016
In US and around the world, you can purchase the book here.
In India, you can purchase the book here.
India is a diverse country with different cultural, social, lifestyle and food habits across the country. India is also a predominantly non-vegetarian country with up to 70 per cent of its population consuming various meat and meat products. Indians consume more than half of the beef produced in the country and the rest is exported, making it the world's largest exporter. India also ranks fifth in beef production and seventh in domestic beef consumption.
The Government of India released the Census 2011 data on Population by Religious Communities on Aug 25th and a section of the news media seized the opportunity to sensationalize and create a controversy. These media reports seek to portray that the Hindu population in India is going down while the Muslim population is going up, similar to a stock market analogy. The media controversy and the timing of the data released by the Indian Government close to the elections in two of the populous states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar is quite questionable.
However, a quick look at the data will show that the population of both the Hindu and the Muslim community has increased in the past decade, while the total population of India increased by 17.7% from 2001 to 2011. From 2001 to 2011, the Hindu population increased by 138 million which is the equivalent of the entire Muslim population of 2001! However, the positive sign for India is that the rate of growth for both communities is falling compared to previous decades. In fact the rate of decline of population growth in the past decade for the Muslim community is higher than for the Hindu community.
A more rigorous analysis will be performed by our research staff and the results will be shared in a later release. However, we are presenting few facts from the 2011 religion census data here.
1. The chart below shows the population growth according to census data for Hindus and Muslims during 2001 to 2011.
2. The population share of major religions in India according to data from 2011 census.
3. The population growth rates of both Muslims and Hindus are declining and beginning to converge. (Source: The Wire)
The Positive Indicators from the 2011 census
A preliminary analysis of the newly released religion census reveals that there are several good indicators for India. A more in-depth analysis is forthcoming by USIPI's research staff.
Few Positive Indicators from Census 2011 Religion Data
1. India's population is declining faster than previously expected
2. Rate of decline over the decade for Muslim population (4.9%) is marginally higher than for Hindu population (3.5%)
3. Population decline was faster in India's populous states Uttar Pradesh and Bihar compared to many other states.
4. Sex Ratio has improved for all of India in the past decade.
5. The sex ratio for Hindu community has improved marginally and it has significantly improved for the Muslim community.
The OpEd that triggered Sachar Committee Report
Almost ten years ago, a similar but sharper controversy had erupted in 2004 when the Indian Government released census 2001 data for population by religious communities. In response, USIPI Chief Scholar, Dr.Abusaleh Shariff, had then written an OpEd published in Times of India on Oct 22, 2004 which triggered the formation of the Sachar Committee. Dr.Shariff who was appointed as the member secretary and his colleagues on the Sachar Committee brought out a seminal account of the socio-economic status of various religious communities and made several policy recommendations for uplifting the most marginalized and vulnerable communities including Muslims.
Now that that 2011 census data for religious communities is released by the Government of India, the US India Policy Institute believes the real focus of the national debate should be whether there was any improvement in the socio-economic conditions of the poor and marginalized communities including Muslims that Sachar Committe had highlighted. And whether the Government of India's Post-Sachar policies and programs for the benefit of these communities are meeting their mark!